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Fly fishing is a technique of attaching a fly to the fishing rod or net for catching fishes. Fishes get attracted or rather lured by these flies resembling natural aquatic invertebrates, crustacean, bait fish and other water insects which seem to fly or swim in the water body. These artificial food organisms are made by securing fur, hair, feathers or other synthetic or natural materials (in colors, sizes and patterns matching local terrestrial insects or other prey attractive to the target fish species) onto a hook.

Making flies using natural materials was prevalent in olden times whereas flies made up of synthetic stuffs is more popular now-a-days. The flies that are tied to the rod can be made so as to make them look like floating or sinking which provokes fishes to strike up and get caught.

Catching different species of fishes like grayling, trout, steelhead, and salmon (cold and fresh water species), bass (warm water specie) or other marine species such as snooks, bonefish, redfish, striped bass and tarpons. Many a times certain unintended species like bream, Rudd and chubs might get caught while fishing for the main target variety like trout. With the growing technology and advancement, stronger rods and reels are being developed which help in fishing larger predatory saltwater varieties like tuna, wahoo, sharks and marlin.

Different techniques might be used for fly fishing depending on the habitat, be it small streams, bays and estuaries, lakes and ponds, open oceans or large rivers.

Learning fly fishing:

Fly fishing is a lot of fun and can be done for recreation.

Here are a few frequently asked questions that beginners might have prior to learning fly fishing:

Will one outfit work for everything?

If you are only interested in fly fishing for trout in fresh water lakes, then surely an outfit will do. A five or six weight rod with a floating line will work fine. In case the trout arenít rising, another line attached to the rod to get the soggy flies sink would be a great option.

But if you wish to fish for large fishes in saltwater off the beaches, then you are going to need another outfit. Bigger rods would be required to cast bigger flies. An eight to nine weight rod is considered to be ideal for casting larger flies.

Does a fly rod cost $500 ($400-$600)?

Not at all! Fly rods are available within a price range of $85 - $200 in the market. A variety of rods at affordable prices are accessible for specific purposes such as for fishing salmons or small and delicate rods for small streams.

Does a pack rod serve the purpose of hiking and camping instead of a 2 piece rod?

Of course! Rather it is better than the 2 piece one since they have additional control over the rodís action as the taper of each piece is designed specifically which was not the case few years ago. Earlier the taper joining each piece was either too stiff or the rod itself used to be of very poor quality.

Is it worth spending $300 for a reel?

You donít need to! Reels are fundamentally line holders. If you want to fish for bass and trout or other small lakes or freshwater fishes, a low cost click-and-pawl reel would just work fine.

But if you look for fishing for salmons or other exotic saltwater fishes like bonefish, then yes you need a salt water proof reel which might be a bit pricey. Salt crystals easily get into places where they are not supposed to and make the reel seize up. The reel should be rinsed after each use.

Bigger reels having 200 or 250 yards of backing and a good drag system is best for fishing in saltwater.

Got confused with a variety of fly lines being offered in the shop. Which ones are the best?

For moderate casts to trout and slog nymphs, a weight forward line for dry fly presentation is what you need.

Do two lines necessarily require two reels?

A reel having a spare spool, also known as a cassette would be a great idea. It pops in and out of the reelís body in order to allow changing lines swiftly. When you fish for trout in a morning hatch, the trout might be eating or slurping other stuffs at the bottom such as nymphs. The cassette helps in this case. It sinks to the bottom putting the nymph or wet fly where the trout currently gobbles.

Will putting a seven weight rod on a six weight one increase the rodís load? The rod manufacturers put extra efforts for producing fine casting tools. The rods are essentially intended for casting the lineís weight on the rod designated. Therefore no additional weight line is required!